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{*} Scheda tecnica

Marca:

Apple

Modello:

MacBook Pro 8.2

Memoria RAM:

4 GiB / 16 GiB

Processore:

Intel Core i7

Scheda video:

AMD Radeon HD 6490M

Schermo:

15.6"

Versione di Ubuntu:

16.04

Per segnalazioni:

discussione sul forum


In questa pagina sono riportati il resoconto dell'installazione di Ubuntu 16.04 e le informazioni sul riconoscimento hardware del portatile Apple MacBook Pro 8.2.

Installazione

Rispetto alla dotazione hardware fornita dal produttore, sono presenti 16 GB di RAM e l'hard disk originale è stato sostituito con un SDD.

Nonostante Ubuntu riconosca sia la scheda grafica integrata Intel che la GPU discreta AMD Radeon, non riesce a gestire lo switching tra le stesse. Pertanto la procedura di installazione non arriva a buon fine.

Per utilizzare una live e portare a termine la procedura di installazione, è quindi necessario un piccolo accorgimento per disabilitare la GPU discreta AMD Radeon. Seguire i passaggi descritti di seguito:

  1. Avviare il computer con una live di Ubuntu (su chiavetta USB oppure su DVD), tenendo premuto il tasto ALT. Alla schermata del boot manager, selezionare EFI boot quindi premere Invio.

  2. Al caricamento di GRUB, selezionare Try Ubuntu without installing per la live oppure Install Ubuntu per l'installazione diretta e premere il tasto e per editare il codice di boot.

  3. Individuare la riga contenente

    load_video
  4. Dopo la stringa individuata, aggiungere le seguenti righe:

    outb 0x728 1
    outb 0x710 2
    outb 0x740 2
    outb 0x750 0
  5. Premere F10 per continuare la procedura di boot e iniziare l'installazione.

Questa modifica dovrà essere resa permanente, altrimenti il sistema si bloccherà su una schermata nera ad ogni avvio. Per fare ciò, seguire le istruzioni del paragrafo dedicato.

Rilevamento dell'hardware

Dispositivi connessi

Per verificare il corretto rilevamento dell'hardware del portatile, digitare in un terminale il seguente comando:

lspci

Il comando precedente restituirà una schermata simile alla seguente:

00:00.0 Host bridge: Intel Corporation 2nd Generation Core Processor Family DRAM Controller (rev 09)
00:01.0 PCI bridge: Intel Corporation Xeon E3-1200/2nd Generation Core Processor Family PCI Express Root Port (rev 09)
00:01.1 PCI bridge: Intel Corporation Xeon E3-1200/2nd Generation Core Processor Family PCI Express Root Port (rev 09)
00:02.0 VGA compatible controller: Intel Corporation 2nd Generation Core Processor Family Integrated Graphics Controller (rev 09)
00:16.0 Communication controller: Intel Corporation 6 Series/C200 Series Chipset Family MEI Controller #1 (rev 04)
00:1a.0 USB controller: Intel Corporation 6 Series/C200 Series Chipset Family USB Universal Host Controller #5 (rev 05)
00:1a.7 USB controller: Intel Corporation 6 Series/C200 Series Chipset Family USB Enhanced Host Controller #2 (rev 05)
00:1b.0 Audio device: Intel Corporation 6 Series/C200 Series Chipset Family High Definition Audio Controller (rev 05)
00:1c.0 PCI bridge: Intel Corporation 6 Series/C200 Series Chipset Family PCI Express Root Port 1 (rev b5)
00:1c.1 PCI bridge: Intel Corporation 6 Series/C200 Series Chipset Family PCI Express Root Port 2 (rev b5)
00:1c.2 PCI bridge: Intel Corporation 6 Series/C200 Series Chipset Family PCI Express Root Port 3 (rev b5)
00:1d.0 USB controller: Intel Corporation 6 Series/C200 Series Chipset Family USB Universal Host Controller #1 (rev 05)
00:1d.7 USB controller: Intel Corporation 6 Series/C200 Series Chipset Family USB Enhanced Host Controller #1 (rev 05)
00:1f.0 ISA bridge: Intel Corporation HM65 Express Chipset Family LPC Controller (rev 05)
00:1f.2 SATA controller: Intel Corporation 6 Series/C200 Series Chipset Family 6 port SATA AHCI Controller (rev 05)
00:1f.3 SMBus: Intel Corporation 6 Series/C200 Series Chipset Family SMBus Controller (rev 05)
02:00.0 Ethernet controller: Broadcom Corporation NetXtreme BCM57765 Gigabit Ethernet PCIe (rev 10)
02:00.1 SD Host controller: Broadcom Corporation BCM57765/57785 SDXC/MMC Card Reader (rev 10)
03:00.0 Network controller: Broadcom Corporation BCM4331 802.11a/b/g/n (rev 02)
04:00.0 FireWire (IEEE 1394): LSI Corporation FW643 [TrueFire] PCIe 1394b Controller (rev 08)
05:00.0 PCI bridge: Intel Corporation Device 1513
06:00.0 PCI bridge: Intel Corporation Device 1513
06:03.0 PCI bridge: Intel Corporation Device 1513
06:04.0 PCI bridge: Intel Corporation Device 1513
06:05.0 PCI bridge: Intel Corporation Device 1513
06:06.0 PCI bridge: Intel Corporation Device 1513
07:00.0 System peripheral: Intel Corporation Device 1513

Processore

Per visualizzare i dettagli sul processore, aprire in lettura il file /proc/cpuinfo, digitando in una finestra di terminale il seguente comando:

cat /proc/cpuinfo

Il risultato sarà simile al seguente:

processor       : 0
vendor_id       : GenuineIntel
cpu family      : 6
model           : 42
model name      : Intel(R) Core(TM) i7-2635QM CPU @ 2.00GHz
stepping        : 7
microcode       : 0x29
cpu MHz         : 820.781
cache size      : 6144 KB
physical id     : 0
siblings        : 8
core id         : 0
cpu cores       : 4
apicid          : 0
initial apicid  : 0
fpu             : yes
fpu_exception   : yes
cpuid level     : 13
wp              : yes
flags           : fpu vme de pse tsc msr pae mce cx8 apic sep mtrr pge mca cmov pat pse36 clflush dts acpi mmx fxsr sse sse2 ss ht tm pbe syscall nx rdtscp lm constant_tsc arch_perfmon pebs bts rep_good nopl xtopology nonstop_tsc aperfmperf eagerfpu pni pclmulqdq dtes64 monitor ds_cpl vmx est tm2 ssse3 cx16 xtpr pdcm pcid sse4_1 sse4_2 x2apic popcnt tsc_deadline_timer aes xsave avx lahf_lm tpr_shadow vnmi flexpriority ept vpid xsaveopt dtherm ida arat pln pts
bugs            :
bogomips        : 3999.76
clflush size    : 64
cache_alignment : 64
address sizes   : 36 bits physical, 48 bits virtual
power management:

processor       : 1
vendor_id       : GenuineIntel
cpu family      : 6
model           : 42
model name      : Intel(R) Core(TM) i7-2635QM CPU @ 2.00GHz
stepping        : 7
microcode       : 0x29
cpu MHz         : 799.921
cache size      : 6144 KB
physical id     : 0
siblings        : 8
core id         : 1
cpu cores       : 4
apicid          : 2
initial apicid  : 2
fpu             : yes
fpu_exception   : yes
cpuid level     : 13
wp              : yes
flags           : fpu vme de pse tsc msr pae mce cx8 apic sep mtrr pge mca cmov pat pse36 clflush dts acpi mmx fxsr sse sse2 ss ht tm pbe syscall nx rdtscp lm constant_tsc arch_perfmon pebs bts rep_good nopl xtopology nonstop_tsc aperfmperf eagerfpu pni pclmulqdq dtes64 monitor ds_cpl vmx est tm2 ssse3 cx16 xtpr pdcm pcid sse4_1 sse4_2 x2apic popcnt tsc_deadline_timer aes xsave avx lahf_lm tpr_shadow vnmi flexpriority ept vpid xsaveopt dtherm ida arat pln pts
bugs            :
bogomips        : 3999.76
clflush size    : 64
cache_alignment : 64
address sizes   : 36 bits physical, 48 bits virtual
power management:

processor       : 2
vendor_id       : GenuineIntel
cpu family      : 6
model           : 42
model name      : Intel(R) Core(TM) i7-2635QM CPU @ 2.00GHz
stepping        : 7
microcode       : 0x29
cpu MHz         : 799.921
cache size      : 6144 KB
physical id     : 0
siblings        : 8
core id         : 2
cpu cores       : 4
apicid          : 4
initial apicid  : 4
fpu             : yes
fpu_exception   : yes
cpuid level     : 13
wp              : yes
flags           : fpu vme de pse tsc msr pae mce cx8 apic sep mtrr pge mca cmov pat pse36 clflush dts acpi mmx fxsr sse sse2 ss ht tm pbe syscall nx rdtscp lm constant_tsc arch_perfmon pebs bts rep_good nopl xtopology nonstop_tsc aperfmperf eagerfpu pni pclmulqdq dtes64 monitor ds_cpl vmx est tm2 ssse3 cx16 xtpr pdcm pcid sse4_1 sse4_2 x2apic popcnt tsc_deadline_timer aes xsave avx lahf_lm tpr_shadow vnmi flexpriority ept vpid xsaveopt dtherm ida arat pln pts
bugs            :
bogomips        : 3999.76
clflush size    : 64
cache_alignment : 64
address sizes   : 36 bits physical, 48 bits virtual
power management:

processor       : 3
vendor_id       : GenuineIntel
cpu family      : 6
model           : 42
model name      : Intel(R) Core(TM) i7-2635QM CPU @ 2.00GHz
stepping        : 7
microcode       : 0x29
cpu MHz         : 801.562
cache size      : 6144 KB
physical id     : 0
siblings        : 8
core id         : 3
cpu cores       : 4
apicid          : 6
initial apicid  : 6
fpu             : yes
fpu_exception   : yes
cpuid level     : 13
wp              : yes
flags           : fpu vme de pse tsc msr pae mce cx8 apic sep mtrr pge mca cmov pat pse36 clflush dts acpi mmx fxsr sse sse2 ss ht tm pbe syscall nx rdtscp lm constant_tsc arch_perfmon pebs bts rep_good nopl xtopology nonstop_tsc aperfmperf eagerfpu pni pclmulqdq dtes64 monitor ds_cpl vmx est tm2 ssse3 cx16 xtpr pdcm pcid sse4_1 sse4_2 x2apic popcnt tsc_deadline_timer aes xsave avx lahf_lm tpr_shadow vnmi flexpriority ept vpid xsaveopt dtherm ida arat pln pts
bugs            :
bogomips        : 3999.76
clflush size    : 64
cache_alignment : 64
address sizes   : 36 bits physical, 48 bits virtual
power management:

processor       : 4
vendor_id       : GenuineIntel
cpu family      : 6
model           : 42
model name      : Intel(R) Core(TM) i7-2635QM CPU @ 2.00GHz
stepping        : 7
microcode       : 0x29
cpu MHz         : 800.000
cache size      : 6144 KB
physical id     : 0
siblings        : 8
core id         : 0
cpu cores       : 4
apicid          : 1
initial apicid  : 1
fpu             : yes
fpu_exception   : yes
cpuid level     : 13
wp              : yes
flags           : fpu vme de pse tsc msr pae mce cx8 apic sep mtrr pge mca cmov pat pse36 clflush dts acpi mmx fxsr sse sse2 ss ht tm pbe syscall nx rdtscp lm constant_tsc arch_perfmon pebs bts rep_good nopl xtopology nonstop_tsc aperfmperf eagerfpu pni pclmulqdq dtes64 monitor ds_cpl vmx est tm2 ssse3 cx16 xtpr pdcm pcid sse4_1 sse4_2 x2apic popcnt tsc_deadline_timer aes xsave avx lahf_lm tpr_shadow vnmi flexpriority ept vpid xsaveopt dtherm ida arat pln pts
bugs            :
bogomips        : 3999.76
clflush size    : 64
cache_alignment : 64
address sizes   : 36 bits physical, 48 bits virtual
power management:

processor       : 5
vendor_id       : GenuineIntel
cpu family      : 6
model           : 42
model name      : Intel(R) Core(TM) i7-2635QM CPU @ 2.00GHz
stepping        : 7
microcode       : 0x29
cpu MHz         : 799.921
cache size      : 6144 KB
physical id     : 0
siblings        : 8
core id         : 1
cpu cores       : 4
apicid          : 3
initial apicid  : 3
fpu             : yes
fpu_exception   : yes
cpuid level     : 13
wp              : yes
flags           : fpu vme de pse tsc msr pae mce cx8 apic sep mtrr pge mca cmov pat pse36 clflush dts acpi mmx fxsr sse sse2 ss ht tm pbe syscall nx rdtscp lm constant_tsc arch_perfmon pebs bts rep_good nopl xtopology nonstop_tsc aperfmperf eagerfpu pni pclmulqdq dtes64 monitor ds_cpl vmx est tm2 ssse3 cx16 xtpr pdcm pcid sse4_1 sse4_2 x2apic popcnt tsc_deadline_timer aes xsave avx lahf_lm tpr_shadow vnmi flexpriority ept vpid xsaveopt dtherm ida arat pln pts
bugs            :
bogomips        : 3999.76
clflush size    : 64
cache_alignment : 64
address sizes   : 36 bits physical, 48 bits virtual
power management:

processor       : 6
vendor_id       : GenuineIntel
cpu family      : 6
model           : 42
model name      : Intel(R) Core(TM) i7-2635QM CPU @ 2.00GHz
stepping        : 7
microcode       : 0x29
cpu MHz         : 800.000
cache size      : 6144 KB
physical id     : 0
siblings        : 8
core id         : 2
cpu cores       : 4
apicid          : 5
initial apicid  : 5
fpu             : yes
fpu_exception   : yes
cpuid level     : 13
wp              : yes
flags           : fpu vme de pse tsc msr pae mce cx8 apic sep mtrr pge mca cmov pat pse36 clflush dts acpi mmx fxsr sse sse2 ss ht tm pbe syscall nx rdtscp lm constant_tsc arch_perfmon pebs bts rep_good nopl xtopology nonstop_tsc aperfmperf eagerfpu pni pclmulqdq dtes64 monitor ds_cpl vmx est tm2 ssse3 cx16 xtpr pdcm pcid sse4_1 sse4_2 x2apic popcnt tsc_deadline_timer aes xsave avx lahf_lm tpr_shadow vnmi flexpriority ept vpid xsaveopt dtherm ida arat pln pts
bugs            :
bogomips        : 3999.76
clflush size    : 64
cache_alignment : 64
address sizes   : 36 bits physical, 48 bits virtual
power management:

processor       : 7
vendor_id       : GenuineIntel
cpu family      : 6
model           : 42
model name      : Intel(R) Core(TM) i7-2635QM CPU @ 2.00GHz
stepping        : 7
microcode       : 0x29
cpu MHz         : 838.203
cache size      : 6144 KB
physical id     : 0
siblings        : 8
core id         : 3
cpu cores       : 4
apicid          : 7
initial apicid  : 7
fpu             : yes
fpu_exception   : yes
cpuid level     : 13
wp              : yes
flags           : fpu vme de pse tsc msr pae mce cx8 apic sep mtrr pge mca cmov pat pse36 clflush dts acpi mmx fxsr sse sse2 ss ht tm pbe syscall nx rdtscp lm constant_tsc arch_perfmon pebs bts rep_good nopl xtopology nonstop_tsc aperfmperf eagerfpu pni pclmulqdq dtes64 monitor ds_cpl vmx est tm2 ssse3 cx16 xtpr pdcm pcid sse4_1 sse4_2 x2apic popcnt tsc_deadline_timer aes xsave avx lahf_lm tpr_shadow vnmi flexpriority ept vpid xsaveopt dtherm ida arat pln pts
bugs            :
bogomips        : 3999.76
clflush size    : 64
cache_alignment : 64
address sizes   : 36 bits physical, 48 bits virtual
power management:

I valori differiscono a seconda dei modelli di processori, qui si fa riferimento al modello Intel Core i7 (2635QM) Sandy Bridge 2.0 GHz .

Configurazione dei componenti

Scheda video

Come detto nella sezione dedicata all'installazione, è necessario disabilitare la GPU discreta AMD Radeon. Seguire la procedura descritta di seguito:

  1. Aprire con i privilegi di amministrazione e con un editor di testo il file /etc/grub.d/10_linux.

  2. Individuare la riga contenente

    echo " insmod gzio" | sed "s/^/$submenu_indentation/"
  3. Immediatamente prima della riga individuata inserire

    echo " outb 0x728 1" | sed "s/^/$submenu_indentation/"
    echo " outb 0x710 2" | sed "s/^/$submenu_indentation/"
    echo " outb 0x740 2" | sed "s/^/$submenu_indentation/"
    echo " outb 0x750 0" | sed "s/^/$submenu_indentation/"
  4. Salvare le modifiche effettuate e chiudere il file.

Disabilitando la GPU discreta AMD Radeon viene disattivata anche l'uscita mini-Display Port per monitor esterni.

Attualmente esistono procedure per alternare l'avvio del sistema con la scheda grafica integrata o con la GPU discreta. Maggiori informazioni in merito, si possono trovare nella guida sulla documentazione internazionale e nella discussione dedicata sul forum internazionale (entrambe in lingua inglese).

Scheda audio

Riconosciuto/a automaticamente {OK}

Interfacce di rete

Riconosciuto/a automaticamente {OK}

Touchpad

Riconosciuto/a automaticamente {OK}

Tasti rapidi

Riconosciuto/a automaticamente {OK}

Bluetooth

Riconosciuto/a automaticamente {OK}

Lettore di memorie SD

Riconosciuto/a automaticamente {OK}

Ulteriori risorse


CategoryHardware